As far as parotidectomy is concerned, it is a surgical excision or removal of the parotid gland – the major and the largest of the salivary glands. The procedure is started and performed in careful way mainly due to the tumors or neoplasms that are growths of rapidly and abnormally dividing cells. Neoplasms can be benign or malignant. Benign stands for Non-cancerous and Malignant stands for cancerous.
It is divided into different categories of surgical procedure that include:
It starts with dividing parotid gland into a superficial and deep lobe by the facial nerve that runs in a set plane in the middle of the gland. This type of parotidectomy needs removal of the parotid gland superficial to the plane of the facial nerve. It is common surgery.
This parotidectomy procedure needs removal of the entire parotid gland – superficial and deep lobe. It starts with identifying all of the branches and carefully retracting them out of the way as meticulous dissection is performed.
It is also an advanced procedure for total gland with resection of the facial nerve. It involves removal of additional structures like temporal bone or the skin of face overlying the parotid gland.
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