A atypical solar panel consists of a sheet of silicon cells, a metal frame, a glass enclosure, and various wiring to allow the silicon cells to flow from the current. Silicon is a non-metal with conductive properties that allow it to absorb and convert electricity from sunlight. When light communicates with a silicon cell, which triggers a flow of electric current, it allows electrons to be set in motion. It is known as the photovoltaic effect and is described here as the general usability of solar panel technology.
How do Solar Panel works:
Simply put, a solar panel works by allowing photons, or light particles, to knock atom-free electrons, creating an electricity surge. In reality, solar panels consist of several smaller units, called photovoltaic cells. Many cells attached form a solar panel. A solar cell is essentially a slice made of two slices of semi-conductive material, generally silicone, the same material used in microelectronics. Photovoltaic cells need an electric field to be formed to operate. Much like a magnetic field that exists because of opposite poles, when opposite charges are separated an electric field exists. While generating electricity with solar panels can make sense to most people, there is still a lot of general uncertainty about how the grid factors get into the solar cycle at home. Any home connected to the power grid should have something named a utility meter that will be used by the energy company to calculate and supply their home electricity. If people install solar panels on their roof or a ground mount on the house, they will eventually be connected to the electricity meter in their home